Today in History September 28
48 BC On landing in Egypt, Pompey is
murdered on the orders of Ptolemy.
855 The Emperor Lothar dies in Gaul,
and his kingdom is divided between
his three sons.
1066 William, Duke of Normandy, soon to
be known as William the Conqueror
1106 King Henry of England defeats his
brother Robert at the Battle of
Tinchebrai and reunites England and
1238 James of Aragon retakes Valencia,
Spain, from the Arabs.
1607 Samuel de Champlain and his
colonists return to France from Port
Royal Nova Scotia.
1794 The Anglo-Russian-Austrian
Alliance of St. Petersburg, which is
directed against France, is signed.
1864 Union General William Rosecrans
blames his defeat at Chickamauga
on two of his subordinate generals.
They are later exonerated by a court
1874 Colonel Ronald Mackenzie raids a
war camp of Comanche and Kiowa
at the Battle of Palo Duro Canyon,
Texas, slaughtering 2,000 of their
1904 A woman is placed under arrest for
smoking a cigarette on New York's
1912 W.C. Handy's "Memphis Blues" is
1913 Race riots in Harriston, Mississippi,
kill 10 people.
1924 Three U.S. Army aircraft arrive in
Seattle, Washington after completing
a 22-day round-the-world flight.
1928 Sir Alexander Fleming discovers
penicillin when he notices a
bacteria-killing mold growing in his
laboratory; it remained for Howard
Florey and Ernst Chain to isolate the
active ingredient, allowing the
"miracle drug" to be developed in
1939 Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union
agree on a division of Poland;
Warsaw surrenders to German
1958 France ratifies a new constitution.
1959 Explorer VI , the U.S. satellite, takes
the first video pictures of earth.
1961 Military coup in Damascus ends the
Egypt-Syria union known as the
United Arab Republic that was
formed Feb. 1, 1958.
1963 Roy Lichtenstein's pop art work
Whaam! , depicting in comic-book
style a US jet shooting down an
enemy fighter, is exhibited for the
first time; it will become one of the
best known examples of pop art.
1995 Israel's Prime Minister Yitzhak
Rabin and Palestinian Liberation
Organization (PLO) leader Yasser
Arafat sign an interim agreement
concerning settlement on the Gaza
1996 Afghanistan's former president
(1986-92) Mohammad Najibullah
tortured and murdered by the
2008 SpaceX launches the first private
spacecraft, Falcon 1 .